Trapeshopen

Trapeshopen er en åpen stjernehop med stjerner i hjertet av Oriontåken, i stjernebildet Orion. Stjernehopen ble oppdaget av Galileo Galilei. 4. februar 1617 skisserte han tre av stjernene (A, C, D), men ikke den omgivende tåken.[1][2][3]

Trapezium
Trapezium cluster optical and infrared comparison.jpg
Oppdaget avGalileo Galilei
Observasjonsdata
Epoke J2000
StjernebildeOrion
Rektascensjon05h 35.4m
Deklinasjon−05° 27′
Avstand1.6 kly(490 pc)
Tilsynelatende størrelsesklasse (V)4.0
Tilsynelatende dimensjoner (V)47 (bs)
Fysiske egenskaper
Masse?
Tilsynelatende alder3 × 105 år
Andre betegnelserADS 4186, 1ES 0532-05.4, BD-05 1315, OCl 528.0, WDS J05353-0523, CCDM J05353-0524, C 0532-054, RX J0535.3-0523, PBC J0535.1-0522, 2MAXI J0535-052, 41 Ori

ReferanserRediger

  1. ^ Galileo Galilei: Siderius Nuncius, Venice, 1610. English Translation published at Bard College, Hudson NY" October 9, 2003 English Translation [1] Arkivert 7. februar 2012 hos Wayback Machine. Original Latin version [2] Arkivert 29. juni 2011 hos Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Tom Pope and Jim Mosher: Galilean telescope homepage" March 17, 2006 «Arkivert kopi». Arkivert fra originalen 30. januar 2008. Besøkt 30. januar 2008. , «Some have expressed puzzlement that in his text Galileo does not mention the nebulosity (known in modern nomenclature as M42) enveloping these stars. ... Galileo believed, as he explains in Sidereus Nuncius, that what looks nebulous to the eye is resolved into stars by his telescope; what looks nebulous through his telescope could presumably also be resolved into stars by a still larger and more powerful telescope. Hence, a diffuse glow would be, more than anything, an indication of the limitations of his telescope and not particularly worthy of special note.»
  3. ^ Tom Pope and Jim Mosher: Page on Galileo's February 4, 1617 notebook drawing of the Trapezium region, May 2, 2006 "Perhaps significantly, Galileo makes no mention of having noticed the now well-known gas cloud, M42, surrounding the Trapezium stars."[3] Arkivert 11. august 2011 hos Wayback Machine.

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